A group of German researchers, from the University of Tubingen, have created an algorithm that can "paint" an image to resemble the art style of any other painting. This type of program is called a "deep learning" algorithm, similar to what Google and Facebook use to recognise images.
According to the researchers' paper, this system makes use of "neural representations" to analyze the style of a specific artwork and to apply it to a different subject. You basically input any photo and assign an art style to it by letting the algorithm scan the original artwork. The program will then reproduce something using the same types of colors, artstyle and brush strokes. It is quite astounding.
Have a look at how this algorithm re"painted" this photo of a building in Tubingen to look like various famous paintings such as "The Starry Night" of Van Gogh, "The Wreck of a Transport Ship" by J.M. Turner and "The Scream" of Edvard Munch. You can read more about this here or download the PDF for more information.
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